SALT TOLERANCE OF CHILI GENOTYPES DURING GERMINATION AND SEEDLING GROWTH
Journal: Malaysian Journal of Halal Research Journal
Author: Mohammad Humaun Kabir Howlader, Md. Nahidul Islam, Subarna Biswas, Md. Ektear Uddin, Akhinur Shila, Md. Zohurul Haque, Niaz Mahmud
Online ISSN : 2616-1923
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited
Salinity is one of the major deleterious environmental problems that lead to a colossal deterioration of agricultural land and productivity globally. Due to lack of salinity tolerant varieties, farmers cultivate indigenous cultivars of chili consequences reduced yield. Therefore, the present research was performed to observe the effect of different levels of salinity on germination and growth at early seedling stage of chili plant. Hence, the effect of six different concentrations of NaCl (sodium chloride) (0, 50, 100, 150, 200 and 250 mM) on germination and seedling growth of seventeen chili genotypes was investigated. This experiment was performed in Petri dish lined with a layer of cotton consisting 10 ml of each test solution. Our results revealed that all investigated traits were impaired by salt stress and significantly affected the germination parameters, shoot and root length. Among the all investigated chili genotypes, Bogura (Local) and PARTEX PS-1711 were grown well up to 100 mM (NaCl) concentration and found to be the most tolerant genotype or variety to salt stress.